This is for the beginner!
Other guides to HTML at Melbourne University - HTML Authoring
- WWW - World Wide Web. Used to describe the whole WWW structure.
- HTML - Hyper Text Mark up Language. The language we use to describe
- HTTP - Hyper Text Transfer Protocol. The protocol used to transfer
these HTML Documents.
- HTTPD - The Daemon (server) used to talk HTTP.
- URL - Universal Resource Locator. Text string used to describe a
document accross multiple platforms and protocols.
HTML documents are simply text or ascii documents. These are normally created
with a plain text editor. More recently WYSIWYG programs are used.
Most documentation standards are based on some type of ascii document
surrounded by special characters describing style. eg:
HTML uses ONLY ascii characters (eg: A-Z, 0-9 etc.) that can be found
on a normal keyboard.
- Post Script - Used for printers and distribution of printed
material. Normally a simple ascii structure.
eg: text=This is a line of text in POSTSCRIPT
Not practical for WWW as the code necessary to produce
these documents is very large, and there is no method of
creating hyper links
- RTP - Rich Text Format. Used to transfer documents between
word processors. Uses escape codes to define font changes
and is fairly limited.
Each part of the document is surrounded by a CONTAINER. These are defined
using < and >
For example, to define a heading you would type<H1>This is Heading 1</H1>
Which would look like this.
This is Heading 1
A VERY SIMPLE EXAMPLE
<TITLE>The simplest HTML example</TITLE>
<H1>This is a level-one heading</H1>
Welcome to the world of HTML.
This is one paragraph.<P>
And this is a second.<P>
Jumps - The Hyper bit
Jumps are what makes WWW so great. They are quite easy to use, but first you
must know what URL to jump to.
URL's have 4 parts
WWW supports most protocols for document transfer used on the Internet.
- HTTP - Hyper Text Transfer Protocol, used for WWW Documents
- FTP - File Transfer Protocol
- GOPHER - Gopher menu/text based predecessor of WWW
- FILE - Local file
- MAILTO - An email address
- NEWS - News group
- TELNET - Telnet to a computer
The internet address of the server you are going to access.
The optional port number. Normally you leave off the : and port number as you
can use the defaults.
The directory and document you wish to access.
- http://www.union.unimelb.edu.au/ - The Student Union Home page.
With HTTP you do not need to specify a file as the default
will be shown. If there isn't one, the directory will be
- /images - A link to the root level directory images on the same
server and same protocol as the current document you are viewing
- mailto:email@example.com - My email address (note no //)
- news:comp.os.linux - News groups (note no //)
- telnet:mythical.com.au - Telnet to a computer (note no //)
- ftp://sunsite.unc.edu/pub/Linux - A great place!
The container used to hold a link is called an anchor.
<A href="http://www.unimelb.edu.au/cwis-info.html">CWIS Information
at Melbourne University</A>
What next for HTML
There are many other containers to learn about in HTML.
To learn more have a look at some of the links at the top of this document.
- PRE - Pre Formated text
- UL - Unsorted list (like this one)
- IMG - Images
- BLOCKQUOTE - for a Blockquote