HTML/CGI Talk
Basic HTML

This is for the beginner!

Other guides to HTML at Melbourne University - HTML Authoring

The Acronyms!

HTML

HTML documents are simply text or ascii documents. These are normally created with a plain text editor. More recently WYSIWYG programs are used.

Most documentation standards are based on some type of ascii document surrounded by special characters describing style. eg:

HTML uses ONLY ascii characters (eg: A-Z, 0-9 etc.) that can be found on a normal keyboard.

Each part of the document is surrounded by a CONTAINER. These are defined using < and >

For example, to define a heading you would type

<H1>This is Heading 1</H1>

Which would look like this.

This is Heading 1

A VERY SIMPLE EXAMPLE

    <HTML>
    <HEAD>
    <TITLE>The simplest HTML example</TITLE>
    </HEAD>
    <BODY>
    <H1>This is a level-one heading</H1>
    Welcome to the world of HTML.
    This is one paragraph.<P>
    And this is a second.<P>
    </BODY>
    </HTML>

Jumps - The Hyper bit

Jumps are what makes WWW so great. They are quite easy to use, but first you must know what URL to jump to.

URL's

URL's have 4 parts
PROTOCOL://SERVER:PORT/DIRECTORY&DOCUMENT

Protocol

WWW supports most protocols for document transfer used on the Internet.

Server

The internet address of the server you are going to access.

Port

The optional port number. Normally you leave off the : and port number as you can use the defaults.

Directory&Document

The directory and document you wish to access.

eg:

Anchors

The container used to hold a link is called an anchor.
eg:
<A href="http://www.unimelb.edu.au/cwis-info.html">CWIS Information at Melbourne University</A>

What next for HTML

There are many other containers to learn about in HTML. To learn more have a look at some of the links at the top of this document.

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Modified: 1/8/95
Created: 28/7/95
By: scottp@pas.com.au